top of page

Demystifying search engine optimization: Understanding How It Works and the Role of Technical SEO

Updated: Aug 9, 2023

Designmocha, Best SEO Agency in Delhi NCR

A solid online presence is crucial for both individuals and businesses in the modern digital world. In order to increase exposure on search engine result pages (SERPs) and organic traffic to websites, search engine optimization (SEO) is essential. In this essay, we will examine what search engine optimization is, how it functions, and, in particular, the value of technical SEO in search engine optimization

What is SEO?

Search engine optimization, or SEO, is a technique used to improve a website's visibility and position on search engine result pages (SERPs). The main goal of SEO is to increase a website's chances of being found by more people and attracting potential customers by bringing in organic, unpaid traffic. The goal of search engine optimization is to increase a website's relevance and authority in the eyes of search engines like Google, Bing, and Yahoo by optimising a variety of areas of the website, including content, keywords, and user experience..

How Does Search Engine Optimization Work?

Although search engine optimization's internal workings can be complicated, its core idea is rather simple. Websites are crawled, indexed, and ranked by search engines according to how relevant they are to user searches. The search engine searches through its enormous index of webpages when a user inputs a search term or phrase to determine which pages are the most pertinent and authoritative to show on the SERPs.

The following important elements impact a website's search engine optimization performance:

1. Keyword research

Finding and focusing on the proper keywords that are pertinent to the content of a website and its intended audience is essential for search engine optimization success. Understanding the terms that people use to search for particular goods, services, or information can be done with the use of keyword research.

2. On-Page SEO

On-page search engine optimization is the process of aligning the meta tags, headings, content, and URLs of a webpage with the intended keywords. It also entails producing valuable, high-quality content that meets user purpose.

3. Off-Page SEO

Off-page search engine optimization focuses on establishing the authority and credibility of the website through extraneous elements like social media mentions and backlinks from reliable websites. These elements are taken into account by search engines as indicators of the reliability and relevance of a website.

4. User Experience (UX)

Search engine optimization success depends on a good user experience. Search engines' perceptions of a website's value to users depend on a variety of factors, including website speed, mobile friendliness, and simplicity of navigation.

5. Technical SEO

The infrastructure and backend components of the website are optimised through technical search engine optimization in order to improve the website's crawlability, indexation, and overall performance on search engines.

Technical SEO: What is it?

In order to increase a website's search engine visibility, technical SEO addresses the technical aspects of the website. Technical SEO ensures that the website is accessible, well-structured, and optimised for search engine crawlers while on-page and off-page search engine optimization concentrate on content and external factors.

Technical search engine optimization's core components are as follows:

1. Website Crawling and Indexation

Ensure that the pages of the website are effectively crawled and indexed by search engine bots. To do this, a sitemap must be made and submitted, the robots.txt file must be optimised, and crawl faults must be fixed.

2. Site Speed and Performance

Increasing website speed and performance to better serve users and adhere to search engines' demands for websites that load quickly.

3. Mobile-Friendliness

Having a mobile-friendly website is essential for search engine optimization success given the rising use of mobile devices. Non-mobile-friendly websites run the danger of dropping in the rankings on mobile search results.

4. URL Structure

Establishing a clean, well-organised URL structure that contains targeted keywords and aids users and search engines in comprehending the hierarchy of the website's content is important.

5. Canonicalization

Resolving difficulties with duplicate content by designating the preferred version of a webpage with canonical tags.

6. Schema Markup

Implementing schema markup will assist search engines better grasp the content and context of the website by supplying structured data.

7. SSL Certificate:

Making use of SSL encryption (https) to guarantee data security and win over users and search engines.


A website's exposure and success can be dramatically impacted by SEO, a potent digital marketing tactic. Website owners and marketers can improve their online presence and draw in a larger audience by understanding how SEO functions and the significance of technical search engine optimization. Technical SEO lays a solid basis for successful SEO initiatives by ensuring that a website is easily navigable, well-structured, and optimised for search engine crawlers. Businesses and individuals must use search engine optimization as a key component of their digital marketing strategy if they want to experience organic growth and success that is sustainable.



bottom of page